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X-Ray Imaging and Arthritis

9/25/17 8:00 AM


What is osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis, also known as OA, is the most common form of arthritis. This diagnosis describes the degenerative changes that occur in your joints as you age. This includes the gradual break down or “wear and tear” of bones and cartilage. It is extremely common and according to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), osteoarthritis affects over 30 million US adults.


How do I know if I have OA?

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Written by Rachel Boccard.

Rachel is a licensed physical therapist currently accepting new patients in our Onondaga Hill and Liverpool locations.

Topics: arthritis, Knee Pain


11/30/16 1:59 PM

In the physical therapy world, a large percentage of our patients suffer from some form of arthritis.  In the United States, knee osteoarthritis (OA) affects over 30% of individuals over the age of 60.  Knee OA can cause pain, inflammation, swelling, decreased motion in the knee, difficulty walking, and may eventually require surgery such as a total knee replacement.

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Written by Austin Hagel, PT.

Austin Hagel, PT is a contributing author. He currently resides in South Carolina where he is a practicing physical therapist.

Topics: arthritis, knees


10/26/16 8:58 AM

Slowing the Progression of Arthritis

It is increasingly apparent that what is healthy for one’s heart is also good for one’s aching joints and knees.  Current research links significant associations between the types of dietary fat intake with structural progression of knee osteoarthritis.  Osteoarthirits (OA) also known as degenerative joint disease (DJD) is the most common chronic condition of the joints affecting more than 3 million people a year or 27 million Americans.  One in two adults will develop symptoms of OA in their lifetime (Arthritis Foundation, 2016).   Common risk factors for developing arthritis include increasing age, previous joint injury, obesity, joint overuse, weak supporting muscles, and genes.



However, top researchers in the field of nutrition science affirm that following a healthy diet may be an effective strategy for the management of knee osteoarthritis.  Furthermore, following a healthy diet and lifestyle is by far more attractive than medications with respect to (long term) risks/benefits.  The results of the following study offer hope for individuals searching for steps to limit the progression of OA.

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Written by Laura Kirkpatrick, PT.

Laura Kirkpatrick, PT is contributing author to our blog. She is a Physical Therapist with a Postgraduate certificate in Nutrition.

Topics: arthritis, tips, nutrition


12/22/15 10:47 AM

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that is a chronic inflammatory condition usually affecting joints on both sides of the body in the hands and the feet, as well as the hips, knees, and elbows.

As an autoimmune disorder, RA occurs when your body’s immune system mistakenly attacks your own tissues.  In the case of RA, the lining of your joints are attacked leading to damage and erosion of cartilage and bone.  As the disease progresses, pain and deformity of the joints occurs.

1. Cause:

UNKNOWN:  Research has yet to determine the exact cause of the disease. 
It is known that it is not hereditary.  It has been shown that people with specific genes are more susceptible to the disease, but are not guaranteed to have RA.

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Topics: arthritis, pain

Arthritis of the Shoulder: Top 3 Facts about the Reverse TSA

2/23/15 11:03 AM
While most people associate arthritis with weight bearing joints such as the hips and knees, people often don’t realize the effects of shoulder arthritis. While shoulder arthritis may be less common, it can be just as debilitating. Here are some common signs and symptoms of shoulder arthritis:
  • Pain
  • Limited range of motion
  • Popping in the joint or joint noises with movements
  • Muscle weakness due to pain and disuse of the arm
  • Generalized stiffness

Treatment Options:
  • Physical Therapy
  • Anti-inflammatory Drugs
  • Steroid injections to help reduce pain
  • Surgery

How exactly can Physical Therapy help?
  • Increase range of motion and decrease stiffness
  • Increase muscle strength as the muscles around the shoulder may be weak from disuse due to pain
  • Joint mobilizations to help decrease pain and improve motion
  • The primary goal of physical therapy will be to help decrease your pain and regain function


Surgeons are now able to perform what is called a Reverse Total Shoulder Replacement, or Reverse TSA? This procedure is exactly what it sounds like. The anatomy of the shoulder is essentially reversed... Can't picture it? Check out the photo below...

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Written by Jeffrey Romans.

Jeff Romans, PT is a contributing author to our blog and a great resource on Physical Therapy.

Topics: arthritis, shoulder, shoulder pain

Exercising with Arthritis: Do it Right

12/5/14 4:54 PM
Arthritis doesn’t have to debilitate or destroy your lifestyle.  Many people with arthritis are able to enjoy the quality of life they desire, escape surgical procedures, and decrease their pain by improving their overall fitness level through exercise.  

When arthritis attempts to slow you down, exercise will help to keep you moving.

Benefits of exercise for arthritic patients include:

  • Helps to decrease swelling

  • Exercise promotes weight loss

  • Increases in energy and drive

  • Reductions in Pain and stiffness

  • Increases in strength, flexibility, and stamina

  • Improved mental attitude and outlook

  • Better sleep

Exercise routines for arthritis should be well balanced including strengthening, flexibility training, and aerobic conditioning.  

Strengthening Exercises:  

Weight training is an example of strengthening exercises that will help build muscle to protect your joints.  By alleviating the pressure on the joints and increasing bone strength, patients may have less pain and experience less effects of the disease.  

Strength training should be done 3-5 days a week, with rest days in between.


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Written by Jeffrey Romans.

Jeff Romans, PT is a contributing author to our blog and a great resource on Physical Therapy.

Topics: arthritis, pain, exercises

Holiday Shopping: Score the Deals, Not the injuries.

11/24/14 5:12 PM

HDTV’s, laptops, clothes…the amazing deals of Black Friday are upon us, and with all of this comes some potential pain too! While you are busy shopping and taking advantage of all the great deals, we often forget about ourselves and what we are doing to our bodies. Here are some quick tips to help you come out of Black Friday with only financial pain…

Remember it is a marathon, not a sprint! Black Friday is a daylong event and you need to pace yourself. This means you will want to sit and take rests as needed, especially those of you with arthritis in the back who may have increased pain with walking and standing. 

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Written by Jeffrey Romans.

Jeff Romans, PT is a contributing author to our blog and a great resource on Physical Therapy.

Topics: Low back pain, arthritis, back pain, exercises

10 Most Loved Forms of Exercise for Arthritis

12/19/13 4:50 PM
10. Jogging

9. Dance/Zumba

8. Golf

7. Strength/Resistance Training

6. Yoga

5. Tai Chi

4. Walking

3. Biking

2. Aquatic Exercise or Therapy

1. Physical Therapy

Have an injury, concern or question regarding any of these forms of exercise? Contact one of our offices. A Physical Therapist will be happy to answer any of your questions - or even perform a Free Injury Screen! Read More
Written by Garry Campbell, PT.

Garry is currently practicing as a Physical Therapist in our Cicero Location.

Topics: Low back pain, healthy habits, arthritis, pain

GUEST BLOG: 4 Key Nutrients for Arthritis Prevention & Control

12/9/13 4:41 PM

Substantial research has been done to investigate the link between dietary habits and Arthritis. Learn about these 4 key nutrients, why they're important and how you can be sure you are getting enough of them in your diet.

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Written by Jennifer Guzelak.

Content contributed by Jennifer Guzelak of Champions Fitness Center. Jen is an ISSA Certified Trainer and provides nutritional advice.

Topics: healthy habits, arthritis

VIDEO BLOG: Top 3 Stretches for an Arthritic Low Back

11/23/13 4:35 PM


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Written by Garry Campbell.

Garry Campbell, PT is currently practicing as a Physical Therapist in our Cicero office.

Topics: Low back pain, arthritis, pain

8 Ways to Beat Arthritis

11/11/13 4:23 PM

Joint pain can have a variety of symptoms as well as treatments. Most are chronic (long-term) conditions and the goal of treatment is to control pain and minimize further joint damage. 

Combating arthritis most often involves a multi-pronged treatment approach, based upon your specific case. With the right health care provider, such as a Physical Therapist, and the know-how, you can battle the effects of arthritis! 

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Written by Garry Campbell.

Garry Campbell, PT is currently practicing as a Physical Therapist in our Cicero office.

Topics: healthy habits, arthritis, pain

Arthritis Pain: Are you at risk?

11/4/13 4:00 PM

Arthritis is a broad term that encompasses more than 100 diseases that cause pain, stiffness and swelling. These range from inflammation of a joint itself, to involvement of the area around the joint as well.

In other words, it involves the breakdown of cartilage within joints which causes pain, swelling and restricted movements.

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Written by Garry Campbell.

Garry Campbell, PT is currently practicing as a Physical Therapist in our Cicero office.

Topics: arthritis